Google fends off individual libel claims.

19 February 2013

Courts are refusing to hold internet service providers liable for potentially libellous comments posted on their sites, leaving individuals to fight their own battles.

And with many postings being made by anonymous users, it means anyone objecting to comments is likely to find their hands tied.  

The ruling from the High Court was made in a case brought by former Tory local council candidate Payam Tamiz, who took action after comments were made about him by a user on Google’s platform.

When he complained to Google, asking that the comments be removed, the internet service provider refused, saying that it would not do so unless Mr Tamiz proved them to be libellous, forcing him to sue the person who had made the postings. As it was unlikely he could trace the original posters, he opted to sue Google.

The internet giant defended their case on the basis that it had not published the comments, it simply provided the internet platform for the exchange of comments and information.

Said Justin Emerson, Litigation expert at Chelmsford Solicitors, Gepp & Sons:  “Unlike newspaper publishers – who actively decide what to publish – Google held that their service was more like a notice board and drawing pins, arguing they could not be held responsible for messages and other material that were pinned up on the board they provided.”

Google also claimed that it was protected by the European Electronic Commerce Regulations, which provides companies such as internet service providers with a complete defence against claims for damages or for criminal liability arising from unlawful activities carried out on their servers.

When it reached the High Court, the judge agreed that under the terms of English law, Google had not published the allegedly libellous comments and that it was entitled to the protection given by the Electronic Commerce Regulations.

Added Justin: “Google had to show that it did not have knowledge of illegal activity and the court accepted that the mere fact that someone had made a complaint did not mean that Google was aware of illegal activity; as the comments might be perfectly valid.

“The case shows that the courts inEnglandare reluctant to restrict the free flow of online information and the judgment creates a distinction between Google's position and the 2001 case of Godfrey v Demon Internet, where the judgment said that carrying a newsgroup and storing postings was sufficient to make an ISP a "publisher".

For additional information please contact Justin Emerson of Gepp & Sons on 01245 228113 or  

This is not legal advice; it is intended to provide information of general interest about current legal issues.

Electronic Commerce (EC Directive) Regulations 2002/2013.  

Payam Tamiz v Google [2012] EWHC 449 (QB)